The hottest industry digitalization leads German i

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Industrial digitalization leads the overall layout of German industry 4.0 artificial intelligence

Abstract: according to the industrial 4.0 plan proposed by Germany at the 2013 Hannover Industrial Expo, through intelligent human-computer interaction sensors, humans can remotely manage the next generation of industrial robots with the help of IOT. At the same time, intelligent factories and intelligent production links in industry 4.0 need the help of constantly upgraded intelligent robots

* the industries seriously affected include warehousing, postal and express industry (1.5 million), retail industry (1.2 million) and cleaning industry (1.2 million)

German industrial robots have certain advantages in raw materials, body parts and system integration. Globally, Japan and Europe are the main producers of industrial robots. ABB in Switzerland, FANUC in Japan, KUKA in Germany and Yaskawa in Japan are the major suppliers of industrial robots in the world, and have become the four families of industrial robot production, especially in recent years. In recent years, in order to realize the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, Germany has successively put forward the strategic plan of industrial upgrading driven by the development of its robot industry

according to the industrial 4.0 plan proposed by Germany at the 2013 Hannover Industrial Expo, through intelligent human-computer interaction sensors, humans can remotely manage the next generation of industrial robots with the help of IOT. At the same time, intelligent factories and intelligent production links in industrial 4.0 need the help of continuously upgraded intelligent robots. This not only helps to solve the problem of high energy consumption in the use of robots, but also promotes the green upgrading of manufacturing industry and the full realization of industrial automation. According to statistics, Germany is the fifth largest robot market in the world and the largest robot market in Europe

as early as the 1970s, Germany began the process of "machine replacement". Today, Germany has 292 robots per 10000 workers in the industrial sector, ranking third in the world after South Korea and Japan. During this period, Germany has built its own robot industry and talent echelon through long-term government funding and the combination of industry, University and research. Germany also led the European Union to set up a special agency to conduct long-term research on the development of robot technology in Europe, implemented a large-scale civil robot research and development plan, and invested a lot of money in the research and development of robots that can be used in medical, nursing, household, agriculture, transportation and other fields

the famous "KUKA"

German KUKA robot company was founded in 1995, and is one of the world's leading industrial robot manufacturers. KUKA robotics has more than 20 subsidiaries worldwide, most of which are sales and service centers, including the vast majority of European countries, as well as the United States, Mexico, Brazil, Japan, South Korea, India and other countries and regions. At present, the KUKA robot product line covers almost all specifications and load ranges of six axis robots, destackers, and can be used for breaking and stopping robots, high temperature and dust-proof robots, welding robots, stamping connecting robots, rack mounted robots, high-precision robots, etc. KUKA robot can be used in material handling, processing, stacking, spot welding and arc welding, involving automation, metal processing, food and plastics industries. Users of KUKA industrial robots include general motors, Chrysler, Ford, Porsche, BMW, Audi, Mercedes Benz, Volkswagen, Ferrari, Harley Davidson, Boeing, Siemens, IKEA, Swarovski, Wal Mart, Budweiser beer, Coca Cola, etc

KUKA industrial robots have also appeared in many Hollywood films, making a big splash. In James Bond's film "the new iron King Kong will never die", a scene is described in an icepalace in Iceland, where female agents of the U.S. National Security Agency are threatened by KUKA laser welding robots. In the movie "Da Vinci Code" directed by Lang Howard, it is a KUKA robot who hands Robert Langdon a code box

in 2016, in a man-machine table tennis competition in Germany, the agilus single arm robot launched by KUKA launched a fierce battle with German table tennis star Bohr. The world champion of mankind fights against a cold, orange robot arm with a racket, attracting global attention. Agile, one of the roots of the word agile, itself means agile. KUKA claims that this robot is the fastest in the world, fast enough to hit ball back from any position. At the beginning, the agilus single arm robot quickly took the lead of 6:0 with its precise action and hitting. However, Bohr also found the weakness of the robot opponent, and wipe, wipe and lob became effective means to defeat the enemy. In the end, Bohr won the game with a score of 11:9

it is worth mentioning that on January 8 this year, China Midea Group announced that it had completed the delivery of KUKA group shares involved in the tender offer, and had paid all the money involved in the tender offer, accounting for about 94.55% of the issued share capital of KUKA group. It remains to be seen what prospects KUKA and Midea, the pioneer of China's manufacturing industry, can bring to the development of the robot industry

high risk industry "machine replacement"

at present, the new cathode material enhanced lithium nickel oxide (elno) has entered the pilot stage, which belongs to the fields of processing, electronics, medicine and so on. Robots also replace human beings in heavy, accurate, repetitive or dangerous work. Recently, the mining Rox project from Freiburg University of technology in Germany developed a robot called julilus, which can not only save a lot of money for the whole mining process, but also improve the safety factor of mining. Freiburg University of technology is the only university in Europe that carries out such research and has a teaching mine. The research and development team hopes to use automated robots to mine, so that miners will no longer continue to engage in dangerous work. In addition, mining robots can also participate in mine rescue

this project is actually a part of robots in Saxony (Rox), a cooperative project of many universities in Germany, which aims to apply automatic service robots to unstructured environments. At present, the mining Rox project has two robots: Alexander and Julius (both named after famous German scientists). Bohad Rong, a professor at Freiburg University of technology, said Julius can explore under mines with high risk factors, including those where mine accidents occur, abandoned mines or mines that are completely empty

in fact, the German government began to implement a policy called the "plan for improving working conditions" in the mid and late 1970s, mandating that some dangerous, toxic and harmful jobs must be replaced by robots, and the application of robots should be truly introduced to the market by administrative means

future employment relationship

led by the concept of industrial digitalization, Germany continues to improve the level of automation and the utilization of intelligent robots, which has had a huge impact on the employment field. Survey statistics show that robots have threatened 59% of jobs in Germany, which has attracted great attention from all walks of life in Germany

according to the survey results of the research project "future employment relationship: how will employment be affected by electronization" launched by Cambridge University, at least 18million of the 30million jobs in Germany can be replaced by intelligent machines and software. The survey found that the degree of unemployment risk of different jobs depends on the professional division of labor, job grade and the nature of work. Among the most basic types of operation, 86% of the jobs can be replaced by robots, and the auxiliary labor force is the second largest type of work threatened by robots. In absolute terms, those who work in offices and secretarial work to promote the wide-ranging docking between energy-saving service companies and industrial enterprises are the most dangerous, and about 1.9 million jobs will be threatened by technologies such as intelligent office. Other industries seriously affected include warehousing, postal and express delivery industry (1.5 million), retail industry (1.2 million) and cleaning industry (1.2 million)

this result has attracted attention from all walks of life in Germany as soon as it was published, which means that in theory, 59% of the employed population in Germany is likely to be unemployed. However, Karsten, chief economist of ing Diba bank, who was responsible for the investigation, said that "the trend of fully implementing automation may become a reality, or it may be just a mirage". At least for practitioners with high professional quality and scientific research mind, their work is as stable as a rock. Among the more than 240000 doctors in Germany, only about 1% (3100 people) can be done by machines. Equally irreplaceable are chemists and physicists, whose daily work can hardly be replaced by computers. The survey shows that of the 46000 scientists, only about 2800 can be done by computers

but the reality is still cruel. Last year, Adidas, a German sporting goods giant, announced that it would move its production line back to Europe and the United States and other consumer places. Adidas CEO Herbert Heiner said that it would use robots to produce. These production lines, which were moved back to Europe and the United States, originally belonged to OEM plants in China, Southeast Asia and other places. Heiner said that in Germany, where labor costs are generally high, robots can now be produced 24 hours a day with fewer people. This also means that robots from Germany began to compete for jobs with workers in China and Southeast Asia

however, people need not be too pessimistic. German researchers have found that in fact, the investment in automation and the use of electronic technology may not only threaten people's employment, but also play a certain role in promoting it. For example, in electronic technology and information industry, with the improvement of industrial level, more and more employees will be needed. After all, it will take a long time for robots to completely replace human work. As far as Germany is concerned, most of the giant enterprises try to use robots for production work. After all, the manufacturing cost, deployment cost and learning cost of robots are the threshold for robots to comprehensively replace human work

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